Holodomor of 1931-1933

Soviet history is full of interesting facts and events. Some of them are more pleasant to remember but there are also those moments that can be described as a horror or terror. These are the moments when the blood freezes in your veins and you cannot imagine that such things happend.  We, luckier people, could not actually understand how less fortunate ones could have lived like that, how they could have survived the horror they described, and what they felt at  moments of fear.Image

Holodomor has become one of the most horrific, inhumane and cruel moments of the Soviet history. Millions of people died during the famine in 1933, which mainly affected Ukraine, but also other parts of the Soviet Union.

Each year this topic gets more and more attention from the reporters who are trying to play on the feelings of the common people. The “battle” is unfolding around this tragic event in search for the sense of responsibility, in search of guilty. Holodomor of 1933 is becoming the basis for political and nationalistic demonstrations in Ukraine. But if we forget about all this politics just for a moment and look at the essence, in the depth, what do we actually know about the Holodomor?

Holomor, according to Wikipedia, is a massive famine that occurred in 1931-1933 mostly in Ukrainian SSR and resulted in considerable loss of lives. The peak of famine came in the first half of 1933.[1] (Wikipedia) Candidate of Historical Sciences Andrei Marchukov in his article writes: “Holodomor” – is not just a “very hungry.” “Holodomor” – is an ideological concept, a powerful tool to influence mass consciousness. “[2](Андрей Марчуков) In other words, hunger was a good way of submission and domestication of the people to the new government.Image

There are a lot of speculations about what caused such unprecedented famine. Forced collectivisation and inextricably linked so-called liquidation of the kulaks as a class, have led to the deterioration and worsening of the agriculture and has become one of the most important causes of the famine.[3] (Ивницкий Николай Алексеевич) Wikipedia uses the data of Mark B. Tauger who wrote that the confiscation of all food from farmers, crop failure in the USSR, the inefficiency of the system of supply and distribution[4] (Wikipedia) are also important causes of famine.

Along with this view, there are also opinions of Ukrainian Nationalists, who believe that the “Holodomor” was  the purposeful destruction of the Ukrainian nation by hunger.[5] (Андрей Марчуков) They thought that the famine was planned in order to break the “national spirit” of the Ukrainian peasantry and thereby wanted to destroy the base of the Ukrainian “liberation movement.[6]” (Андрей Марчуков)

It is important to mention that the famine affected not only Ukraine but the whole Soviet Union. According to Russian scientists, hunger  of the 30’s covered the main grain-growing areas of the USSR – Ukraine, North Caucasus, Lower and Middle Volga region, a significant part of the Central Black Earth region, Kazakhstan, Western Siberia, the South Urals.[7] (http://www.russian -club.net/article_1394.html)

It is widely believed that playing on the nationalistic feelings of the people is unwise, often silly and totally irresponsible. Everybody knows or at least should realise that almost everyone was affected by the catastrophic shortage of food. A Quotation of a Doctor of Historical Sciences Oleg Brudnitskij (Олег Брудницкий) can prove my opinion:

“There is no historical record that proves or disproves that there was a conspiracy or a plan for the organization of hunger, especially of the Ukrainian people, the Ukrainian peasantry. Especially because among those who have become essentially the organizers of this famine were people of different nationalities. And Russian and Ukrainians as well. This is … a crime against all the peoples of the USSR. And … make some political capital on this common tragedy – … it’s immoral.’’[8](http://www.russian-club.net/article_1394.html)

In conclusion, we can say that the most terrible measures have been applied in those areas where agriculture had been developed better. Furthermore, the most terrible famine was in the most regions of the Grain: the USSR and the North Caucasus. [9](Андрей Марчуков) Therefore, it is appropriate to end this blog with a quotation of Андрей Марчуков. He wrote: “The Ukrainian SSR has suffered not because there lived Ukrainians, but only because it was a major breadbasket of the Soviet Union. [10]‘’ (Андрей Марчуков)


[2]A. Марчуков., “Родина”, 1/2007 http://stalinism.ru/kollektivizatsiya/operatsiya-golodomor.html ., used on 2 October 2013.

[3] Н.А. Ивницкий., Кто виноват в Голоде 1932 – 1933 годов ., http://www.bibliotekar.ru/golodomor/32.htm , used on 2 October 2013.

[5] A. Марчуков., “Родина”, 1/2007 http://stalinism.ru/kollektivizatsiya/operatsiya-golodomor.html ., used on 2 October 2013.

[6] Ibidem.

[7]  Голодомор – фальсификация истории.,http://www.russian-club.net/article_1394.html, used on 2 October 2013.

[8] Ibidem.

[9] A. Марчуков., “Родина”, 1/2007 http://stalinism.ru/kollektivizatsiya/operatsiya-golodomor.html ., used on 2 October 2013.

[10] Ibidem.

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